News clips for July 18 to July 20, 2020

How U of U Astrophysicists helped create 3D map of the universe and fill in an 11 billion-year gap

“We know both the ancient history of the universe and its recent expansion history fairly well, but there’s been a troublesome gap in the middle 11 billion years,” said cosmologist Kyle Dawson of the University of Utah, announcing the results. “For five years, we have worked to fill in that gap, and we are using that information to provide some of the most substantial advances in cosmology in the last decade.”

University of Utah researchers team up to study gender-based violence in state

The Gender-Based Violence Consortium launched in March at the U. While it has been tricky starting during the coronavirus pandemic, Annie Isabel Fukushima, who’s the project lead and co-principal investigator, said she hopes to start piloting some of the work by spring.

Hearing finally set 1 year after Salt Lake man is charged with murdering student Mackenzie Lueck

More than a year after prosecutors charged Ayoola Adisa Ajayi with murdering 23-year-old Utah college student Mackenzie Lueck, a judge on Monday set a hearing to decide whether they have enough evidence to go to a trial.

Utah coronavirus task force may not have been given 'red zone' recommendations

The White House put Utah among states in red zone designations and set it to Utah officials, but an MD, former Utah state senator, and member of the state’s coronavirus task force said he had not seen the reports through his work on the panel. “I have researched these independently in my role as a physician,“ said Dr. Brian Shiozawa, of University of Utah Health, who once was regional director of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

Analyzing Utah’s COVID-19 missteps in search of a path forward

“Things have been framed incorrectly from the get-go,” said Dr. Andrew Pavia, chief of pediatric infectious disease at the University of Utah, lamenting the now hyperpoliticized climate around mask mandates and economic closures. “It’s not a question of health versus the economy. It’s a question of health in order to make the economy work.”

New Imaging Reveals The Dynamic Formation Structure in Viruses Like HIV

Researchers have visualised how HIV virus-like particles (VLPs) take shape in real-time, moving beyond the limitations of static electron microscopy methods that require samples to be frozen still for analysis. "Apart from the virus, a major implication of the method is that you can see how molecules move around in a cell," says lead researcher and physicist Ipsita Saha from the University of Utah.

Are mask mandates constitutional? Utah law professors say state has power to protect public health

The 10th Amendment said: "The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people. "University of Utah law professor Erika George put it, "Whatever is not in the federal government's mandate is left to the states. So people would be pointing to that to say, this is within the state police power," George said.

Isolating the Elderly Is Bad for Their Health

“The combination of social isolation and loneliness is very unhealthy for anyone, but for older adults, it’s particularly bad,” said Bert Uchino, University of Utah psychology professor who studies the ways in which social relationships affect health. “Just about every biological system is impacted in one way or another by psychosocial relationships.”

What role should innovation play in states’ pandemic response?

Since the pandemic begun, Utah CIO Mike Hussey’s office has rushed out data dashboards, chatbots and digital signature capabilities that have enabled agencies to continue offering services. And a general shift to online services, he said, has moved millions of transactions online each year, which a University of Utah study estimated saves the state $46 million annually.

Congressional candidate Darren Parry says experience addressing Shoshone-LDS rifts can help him heal a divided nation

University of Utah history professor W. Paul Reeve tells how he would take groups of K-12 teachers learning about Western history to visit the Bear River Massacre site and listen to Parry (who wrote a book about the carnage) and to a similar lecture that he gave to others. “It was one of the most healing presentations I’ve ever heard,” Reeve says. “There’s nothing resentful or vindictive; in fact, the exact opposite. Darren is very much a peace builder and someone who is capable of looking at problems from a variety of perspectives and is not defensive.”

‘It’s turned around’: Some local businesses are weathering the COVID-19 storm

According to state figures, tourists pumped $9.75 billion into Utah’s economy in 2018, a 6.5% increase in spending over 2017, with national and state parks both reporting record visitation. A 2019 Kem C. Gardner Policy Institute at the University of Utah report indicated that before COVID-19, tourism generated more than $1.20 billion in state and local tax revenue annually. “If we can keep the virus at bay and not having it spread too fast and furious, we may have a positive trajectory in revenues again,” St. George Mayor Jon Pike said.

Can 150 minutes of exercise a week help maintain your brain?

“What is good for the heart is good for the brain,” says Dr. Norman Foster, neurologist and professor at the University of Utah in Alzheimer’s clinical and imaging research. “There’s a lot of good, objective scientific evidence that supports these kinds of changes, which also make a lot of common sense.”

Five charts that show the extent of the Black wealth gap in U.S.

Vast differences in income have widened the wealth gap. More than a third of White households earned in excess of $100,000 per year in the first quarter -- a share twice as large as that for Black households. The decline of unions has had a significant impact on the racial wealth gap, said economist Catherine Ruetschlin, an adjunct assistant professor at the University of Utah who has studied the racial wealth gap. The trend has reduced the bargaining power of workers, especially the Black middle class, since the 1970s.